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How can the belief in the Last Day be?


The belief in the Last Day means the belief in the Day when the Hour will be established (qiyaamus-saa’ah). It is called the Last Day (al-Yawmul-Aakhir) since there is no day that comes after it. Indeed man was nothing then he was brought to exist in his mother’s womb, then in this life. Afterwards he will transfer to the life of al-Barzakh 44 then to the Day of Resurrection. So, these are the five states of existence of man. Allaah, The Most High, Says:

(هَلْ أَتَى عَلَى الإنسان حِينٌ مِنَ الدَّهْرِ لَمْ يَكُنْ شَيْئاً مَذْكُوراً) (الإنسان:1)

Has there not been over man a period of time, when he was nothing to be mentioned. [Qur’aan, soorat al-Insaan (76): 1].

This is man’s first state being nothing to be mentioned. Afterwards he came to exist in the womb of his mother, then he came out:

(وَاللَّهُ أَخْرَجَكُمْ مِنْ بُطُونِ أُمَّهَاتِكُمْ لا تَعْلَمُونَ شَيْئا)(النحل: 78)

And Allaah has brought you out from the wombs of your mothers while you know nothing. [Qur’aan, soorat al-Nahl (16): 78].

In this regard, it is proper to speak about the trial in the grave (fitnatul-qabr). This is that after the burial of the deceased, two angels will come to him and will ask him about his Rabb, his Deen, and his Prophet. As for the believer then Allaah will make him firm on the true saying. He will reply: “My Rabb is Allaah, and my Deen is Islaam, and my Prophet is Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم ).” As for the unbeliever, he will say: “Aah, Aah I do not know. I heard the people saying something so I said it too.” Following this trial of the grave there will be bliss or  punishment until the Day of Resurrection.

Whoever is from the non-Muslims will be in Punishment until the Day of the Resurrection, and whoever is from the disobedient Muslims then he may be punished in his grave for a period known only to Allaah (سبحانه وتعالى ).  ubsequently, punishment will be lifted from befalling upon him. The Punishment or the bliss in the grave occurs mainly upon the soul, but the body may feel its pain; just as the punishment in this life inflicts the body and the self may feel it. For example, in this life beating befalls upon the body and similarly the pain. The self may get affected and then becomes saddened and distressed. In the grave, however, the matter is different, punishment or bliss occur on the soul; there is no doubt though that some of this punishment or bliss befalls upon the body, either by the joy caused by the bliss or by the pain of agony caused by the torture. As for the time when the Hour is established i.e. on the Day of the greatest Resurrection, people will be raised from their graves to stand before Rabbul ‘Aalameen (Allaah)–barefoot, naked, and uncircumcised. The skin cut off in the process of circumcision will return to its place so that man is raised up from his grave complete without any kind of defect, as Allaah, The Most High, Says:

( كَمَا بَدَأْنَا أَوَّلَ خَلْقٍ نُعِيدُهُ )(الأنبياء: 104)

As We began the first creation [when they were nothing] We shall repeat it [after their death]. [Qur’aan, soorat al-Anbiyaa’ (21): 104].

Then the reckoning will take place as it is stated in the Book of Allaah and in the Sunnah of His Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم ), and people  will end up either in Paradise (al-Jannah) or in Hell-Fire. Whoever enters Paradise will live and remain therein forever and will not die. As for him who enters the Hell-Fire, if he is from those who committed acts of disobedience, and is not saved by way of intercession or does not receive a special Mercy (pardon) from Allaah, will eventually leave it after he is punished for what he deserves. He will not stay therein forever. As for the unbeliever, however, he will reside in it forever.


44 Barzakh: lit. barrier; the state experienced after death until the Day of Resurrection.